Quebec Quebec Court of Appeal Rulings

Quebec Court of Appeal voids bylaw forcing protesters to provide itinerary to police

A City of Montreal bylaw that forced protesters to provide an itinerary to police ahead of time was struck down by the Quebec Court of Appeal after it ruled that it was arbitrary, excessive, and unreasonable.

Why it matters: The decision limits the discretionary powers a municipality can confer to police and sheds light on how the Charter protection of freedom of expression applies to demonstrations.…

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Court of Quebec Criminal Code of Canada Criminal justice Quebec Rulings

Employer found guilty of manslaughter following fatal work accident

A general contractor has been found guilty of manslaughter after one of his employees was killed by being buried in a trench, marking the first time in Quebec that a breach of provincial occupational health and safety legislation served as the basis for a manslaughter conviction under the Criminal Code.

Why it matters: It is extremely rare for employers to be charged with criminal negligence and manslaughter.

What's next: The contractor is scheduled to be sentenced in May. “I’m eagerly looking forward to the sentence – that’s where we will see what kind of message the courts will send,” said a health and safety lawyer. “If he ends up in prison, that to me will have much more of an impact than a guilty plea.”…

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Crime Quebec Quebec Superior Court Rulings

Failure to protect solicitor-client privilege leads to acquittal of alleged Mafiosi

Two alleged Montreal Mafia leaders were acquitted of gangsterism and drug trafficking charges after Quebec Superior Court excluded wiretap evidence gathered by a joint police task force because they failed to put in place sufficient measures to prevent the interception of conversations between lawyers and clients.

Why it matters: The decision provides guidance on electronic surveillance, castigates police for failing to do enough to protect solicitor-client privilege, and warns that it would be imprudent to view his ruling as an inducement to consider law firm as safe havens to conspire and plan crimes.…

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Criminal justice Quebec Quebec Court of Appeal Rulings

Quebec Court of Appeal provides comprehensive guidance over Jordan in two rulings

A Montreal man who was charged with killing his wife but whose case was the first Quebec murder case to be stayed following the landmark Jordan ruling will not face a new trial, the Quebec Court of Appeal ruled after issuing a concurrent and “very important” decision that clarifies and provides practical guidance on the application of the landmark Jordan decision.

Why it matters: The legal community is still grappling with the landmark Jordan ruling, and this is yet another effort to spell out clearer guidelines. Or as a criminal lawyer put it: “Jordan is going to be a continuous process, of refining and interpreting." …

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Business Quebec Court of Appeal Rulings

Quebec Court of Appeal harmonizes securities law with other provinces

The Quebec Court of Appeal eliminated a tactical advantage that could have emerged by launching national class actions in secondary market misrepresentation cases in the province after it held that Quebec securities rules were designed to be harmonized with provincial securities legislation across the country as a matter of substantive law.

Why it matters: The ruling is one of a handful secondary market misrepresentations cases heard by Quebec courts.…

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Business Quebec Court of Appeal Rulings

Terms of contract usurp good faith, holds Quebec Appeal Court

Former employees of an asset management firm who claimed that they were unfairly bought out just before the company was sold lost a legal battle after the Quebec Court of Appeal held that the duty to act in good faith does not mean that a party to a contract must impoverish itself to enrich the other.

Why it matters: The Quebec appeal court reaffirms that the terms of a contract determines the rights of parties and that it almost always trumps the duty to act in good faith.…

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Quebec Quebec Court of Appeal Rulings

Elderly pedophile to serve sentence in nursing home

An elderly man who was found guilty of two counts of gross indecency will be allowed to serve his sentence of two years less one day of imprisonment in the community after the Quebec Court of Appeal held that it was “an exceptional case that required an exceptional solution.”

Why it matters: The Quebec Appeal Court provides pointed guidance over the sentencing of infirm elderly offenders at a time when Canada's prison population is becoming greyer.…

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Business Quebec Court of Appeal Rulings Tax

Revenue Quebec can issue demand letters to third parties outside of the province

The Quebec Court of Appeal has ruled the province’s tax authority can issue demand letters and request the disclosure of financial information from third parties outside the province to determine whether a taxpayer is subject to the province’s tax laws.

Why it matters: It is widely expected that Revenue Quebec will now issue more demand letters to third parties outside the province even though questions remain over the scope of the ruling.…

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Charter of Rights and Freedoms Quebec Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms Quebec Court of Appeal Rulings

French language still needs protection rules Quebec appeal court

A bid to overturn Quebec’s sign law by a group of anglophone merchants suffered yet another setback after the Quebec Court of Appeal upheld two lower court rulings that held that the French language is still vulnerable in Quebec and continues to need protection even though it has made “modest progress” in recent decades.

Why it matters: The Quebec appeal court also appears to have “opened a door” to new legal challenges to the signage law under s. 15 of the Canadian Charter and s. 10 of the Quebec Charter.

Also, the appeal court found that unilingual English websites are too subject to the French language charter.

But the appeal court also appears to have “opened a door” to new legal challenges to the signage law under s. 15 of the Canadian Charter and s. 10 of the Quebec Charter…

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Employment & Labour Law Quebec Quebec Superior Court Rulings

Court awards former Quebec paramedics $1.2M over subway scare

Montreal’s transit authority has been ordered by Quebec Superior Court to pay two former paramedics more than $1.2 million for a scare that left them unable to work in their profession.

Why it matters: The ruling highlights one of the singular situations where an injured worker can bring a civil suit even though one of the cardinal principles behind Quebec’s occupational health and safety regime is that workers cannot bring a civil liability suit against their employer because of the injury.…

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